6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Sep 2017 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/10/2017   
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CAPITAL CITIES COMPARISON


ALL GROUPS CPI

All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups CPI, Percentage change from previous quarter


At the All groups level, the CPI rose in all of the eight capital cities, with Adelaide recording the largest movement.

The housing group (+1.9%) is the most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises across seven of the eight capital cities. This is driven by a rise in electricity (+8.9%), due to higher wholesale prices.

The alcohol and tobacco group (+2.2%) is the second most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises across all eight capital cities. The rise is driven by tobacco (+4.1%), due to the effects of the 12.5% federal excise tax increase effective from 1 September 2017.

The recreation and culture group (+1.3%) is the third most significant positive contributor to the All groups quarterly movement, with rises in seven of the eight capital cities. The rise is driven by international holiday travel and accommodation (+4.1%), due to the peak summer season in Europe and America.

The most significant offsetting negative contributor to the All groups quarterly movement is the food and non-alcoholic beverages group (-0.9%), with falls in all eight capital cities. The fall is driven by vegetables (-10.9%) with favourable growing conditions increasing the supply of vegetables and having a downward impact on prices.

The second most significant offsetting negative contributor is the communication group (-1.4%), with falls across all eight capital cities. The fall is driven by telecommunication equipment and services (-1.5%) due to increased data usage for mobile phones and mobile broadband devices as well as lower fixed-line internet prices.

The third most significant offsetting negative contributor is the clothing and footwear group (-0.9%), with falls in seven of the eight capital cities. The fall is driven by garments for women (-1.2%), garments for men (-2.1%) and accessories (-0.7%) due to sustained periods of specialling in the retail industry.

Over the last twelve months to September quarter 2017, the All groups CPI (+1.8%) has risen across all eight capital cities. Melbourne (+2.2%), Canberra (+2.1%) and Hobart (+2.0%) recorded the largest positive movements.

All Groups CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

Index number(a)
Percentage change
Sep Qtr 2017
Jun Qtr 2017 to Sep Qtr 2017
Sep Qtr 2016 to Sep Qtr 2017

Sydney
112.5
0.7
1.9
Melbourne
111.5
0.5
2.2
Brisbane
111.4
0.4
1.5
Adelaide
110.4
1.1
1.8
Perth
109.5
0.5
0.8
Hobart
109.2
0.3
2.0
Darwin
109.4
0.6
0.6
Canberra
109.6
0.9
2.1
Weighted average of eight capital cities
111.4
0.6
1.8

(a) Index reference period: 2011-12 = 100.0.



SYDNEY (+0.7%)

The main contributors to the rise in Sydney this quarter are electricity (+15.1%), tobacco (+3.9%) and new dwelling purchase by owner-occupiers (+1.0%). The rise is partially offset by falls in vegetables (-11.7%) and automotive fuel (-2.6%).


MELBOURNE (+0.5%)

The main contributors to the rise in Melbourne this quarter are tobacco (+4.1%), new dwelling purchase by owner occupiers (+1.5%) and international holiday travel and accommodation (+4.3%). The rise is partially offset by falls in vegetables (-11.6%) and automotive fuel (-3.1%).


BRISBANE (+0.4%)

The main contributors to the rise in Brisbane this quarter are tobacco (+3.9%), international holiday travel and accommodation (+4.7%) and electricity (+3.6%). The rise is partially offset by falls in vegetables (-12.5%) and automotive fuel (-2.2%).


ADELAIDE (+1.1%)

The main contributors to the rise in Adelaide this quarter are electricity (+21.3%), tobacco (+4.2%), international holiday travel and accommodation (+4.8%) and gas and other household fuels (+8.4%). The rise is partially offset by falls in vegetables (-7.1%) and telecommunications equipment and services (-1.6%).


PERTH (+0.5%)

The main contributors to the rise in Perth this quarter are electricity (+9.7%), tobacco (+4.5%) and other services in respect of motor vehicles (+8.4%). The rise in other services in respect of motor vehicles is due to increases in motor vehicle registration fees. The rise is partially offset by falls in rents (-2.1%) and vegetables (-7.8%).


HOBART (+0.3%)

The main contributors to the rise in Hobart this quarter are tobacco (+4.2%), international holiday travel and accommodation (+5.5%) and property rates and charges (+5.3%). The rise in property rates and charges is due to increases in general rates attributed to land revaluations, reflecting rises in property values in Hobart. The rise is partially offset by falls in domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-5.1%) and vegetables (-8.8%). The fall in domestic holiday travel and accommodation is due to winter being the low tourist season.


DARWIN (+0.6%)

The main contributors to the rise in Darwin this quarter are domestic holiday travel and accommodation (+11.9%), other services in respect of motor vehicles (+14.0%) and tobacco (+4.5%). The rise in domestic holiday travel and accommodation is due to the dry season being the peak tourist season in the Northern Territory, whilst the rise in other services in respect of motor vehicles is due to increases in motor vehicle registration fees. The rise is partially offset by falls in rents (-1.9%) and vegetables (-9.2%). The fall in rents is due to a continuation of excess housing stock and high vacancy rates.


CANBERRA (+0.9%)

The main contributors to the rise in Canberra this quarter are gas and other household fuels (+17.8%), electricity (+10.6%) and property rates and charges (+8.0%). The rise is partially offset by falls in vegetables (-11.1%), other financial services (-2.8%) and domestic holiday travel and accommodation (-1.9%). The fall in other financial services is due to the reduction in stamp duty on property sales.