2075.0 - Census of Population and Housing - Counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2016  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/08/2017   
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2016 CENSUS COUNTS — ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE IN INDIGENOUS REGIONS

The Indigenous Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) provides a geographical standard for the publication of statistics about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of Australia. Indigenous Regions (IREGs) are the highest level of the Indigenous Structure. IREGs are divided into Indigenous Areas (IAREs) (the second level of the Indigenous Structure) and these are then divided into smaller units known as Indigenous Locations (ILOCs), the third and lowest level of the Indigenous Structure.

In the 2016 Census, over half (59%) of the people who identified as being of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin lived in 10 of the 58 Indigenous Regions. The three largest regions were located on the Eastern seaboard of Australia: Brisbane (70,734 people), NSW Central and North Coast (69,772 people) and Sydney - Wollongong (66,023 people). These three regions accounted for 32% (206,529 out of 649,171 people) of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander count for Australia.


Census Counts(a) Indigenous Regions with the highest counts of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2016


Indigenous Region(b)
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)

Brisbane
70 734
10.9
NSW Central and North Coast
69 772
10.7
Sydney - Wollongong
66 023
10.2
Perth
29 118
4.5
Townsville - Mackay
26 478
4.1
Riverina - Orange
24 975
3.8
Cairns - Atherton
24 465
3.8
Adelaide
24 297
3.7
Victoria (exc. Melbourne)
24 208
3.7
Tasmania
23 521
3.6

Total Australia(c)
649 171
2.8

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) For information about Indigenous Regions, see the Indigenous Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard.
(c) Includes all Indigenous Regions, Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, No Usual Address and Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).




Indigenous Regions outside of Australia's major population centres had the highest proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Of the Indigenous Regions with the highest proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, all Regions except for Jervis Bay were located in Northern Australia (including the Torres Strait).


Census Counts(a) — Indigenous Regions with the highest proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2016

Indigenous Region(b)
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)

Torres Strait
6 626
81.8
Jabiru - Tiwi
10 408
76.9
Apatula
8 699
76.8
Nhulunbuy
9 557
69.5
West Kimberley
4 959
64.4
Tennant Creek
3 505
63.3
Cape York
9 453
55.8
Jervis Bay
207
52.9
Katherine
8 471
47.1
Kununurra
4 761
45.7

Total Australia(c)
649 171
2.8

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) For information about Indigenous Regions, see the Indigenous Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard.
(c) Includes all Indigenous Regions, Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, No Usual Address and Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).


INDIGENOUS AREAS

In the 2016 Census, the Indigenous Areas with the highest proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were in the Northern Territory and Queensland. Cherbourg in Queensland had the highest proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (98%), followed by Laynhapuy - Gumatj Homelands in Eastern Arnhem Land and Yarrabah in Queensland (both 97%).


Census Counts(a) Indigenous Areas with the highest proportions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2016

Indigenous Area(b)
Count of Persons
Proportion of Persons (%)

Cherbourg
1 249
98.4
Laynhapuy - Gumatj Homelands
450
97.4
Yarrabah
2 491
97.3
Kulkalgal - Central Islands
946
95.6
Gapuwiyak and Outstations
941
94.3
Ramingining - Milingimbi and Outstations
2 180
94.2
Alice Springs Town Camps
964
94.2
Meriam - Eastern Islands
812
94.1
Marthakal Homelands - Galiwinku
2 315
94.1
Palm Island
2 298
93.9
Ngukurr
1 079
93.9

Total Australia(c)
649 171
2.8

(a) Usual residence, excludes overseas visitors.
(b) For information about Indigenous Areas, see the Indigenous Structure of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard.
(c) Includes all Indigenous Areas, Migratory-Offshore-Shipping, No Usual Address and Other Territories, comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island and Norfolk Island.
Note: Please note that there are small random adjustments made to all cell values to protect the confidentiality of data. These adjustments may cause the sum of rows or columns to differ by small amounts from table totals. For further information see Census of Population and Housing: Census Dictionary, 2016 (cat. no. 2901.0).