This publication summarises eating habits of Australians for each State and Territory. It presents results from a 24 hour dietary recall of foods and beverages from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (NNPAS). It contains general information on dietary behaviours, and consumption of selected foods and nutrients.
How much food was consumed in Australia?
- In Australia, during 2011-12, people aged two years and over consumed an estimated 3.1 kilograms of foods and beverages (including water) per day, made up of a wide variety of foods. People from Victoria and Tasmania consumed the least (3kg) while those from the Northern Territory consumed the most (3.7kg).
Nationally, 6% of people aged two years and over met the recommended usual daily intake of vegetables
and 52% of people met the recommended usual daily intake of fruit
- The proportion of people from each State and Territory who met the recommended usual daily intake of vegetables ranged between 9% in Tasmania and 5% in Queensland, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).
- Those most likely to meet the recommendations for fruit were from the ACT and New South Wales (NSW) (54%) and least likely were from Tasmania (48%).
The following are selected food groups showing the State or Territory with the highest and lowest proportion of people consuming:
- 'Non-alcoholic beverages'
- Highest: Tasmanians (41%),
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (28%)
- Highest: South Australians (50%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (37%)
- 'Fish and seafood products and dishes'
- Highest: Northern Territorians (22%)
- Lowest: Tasmanians (13%)
- 'Fruit products and dishes'
- Highest: Canberrans (66%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (53%)
- Apples and Pears
- Highest: Canberrans (32%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (23%) and South Australians (23%)
- Citrus fruit
- Highest: New South Wales (18%)
- Lowest: Western Australians (10%) and Northern Territorians (10%)
- Tropical and subtropical fruit
- Highest: New South Wales (23%)
- Lowest: Tasmanians and Northern Territorians (18%)
- 'Milk products and dishes'
- Highest: Queenslanders and Tasmanians (88%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (82%)
- Highest: Canberrans (19%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (11%)
- Highest: South Australians and Tasmanians (36%),
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (25%)
- 'Vegetable products and dishes'
- Highest: Tasmanians (42%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (25%)
- Carrots and similar root vegetables
- Highest: Tasmanians (27%)
- Lowest: South Australians (15%)
- Peas and beans
- Highest: Tasmanians (17%)
- Lowest: Northern Territorians (8%)
For the full list of foods consumed see Table 3.1 for each State or Territory.
- Australians obtained over a third (35%) of their total energy from 'discretionary foods'.
- Canberrans obtained the least energy from 'discretionary foods' at one-third (33%) while Northern Territorians and Tasmanians obtained the most at 38%.
- Northern Territorian adults derived a higher proportion of their daily discretionary energy from alcoholic beverages when compared to all Australian adults (9% compared with 6%).
- Northern Territorians had the highest proportion of people who consumed 'soft drink' (33%) however they also had the lowest proportion of people of all the States and Territories who consumed 'confectionary' (20%), 'snack foods'(13%) and 'savoury biscuits' (12%).
- Tasmanians had the highest proportion of people consuming 'confectionary' (37%).
- People from NSW were most likely to report consuming 'snack foods' (16%).
- Victorians were most likely to report consuming 'savoury biscuits' (19%).
- Canberrans had the lowest proportion of people who reported drinking 'soft drink' (23%).
For more information see Table 5.1 for each State and Territory.
ENERGY AND NUTRIENTS
- Men in all States and Territories had a similar average energy intake to the Australian average (9,954 kilojoules).
- Women in all States and Territories had a similar average energy intake to the Australian average at 7,420 kilojoules, with the exception of women in Tasmania who consumed more (7769kJ).
- The total energy intake is likely to be an under-estimate due to under-reporting.
- Similar in all States and Territories, carbohydrates contributed the largest proportion of total energy for Australians, supplying 45% on average with the balance of energy coming from fat (31%), protein (18%) and dietary fibre (2%). Alcohol also provided 4% of energy intake for adults in Australia. Each State and Territory was within the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (with the exception of SA and WA for carbohydrates) and within the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) recommended alcohol intake.
For more information see Table 1.1 and Table 2.1 for each State and Territory.
Selected macro and micro nutrients
In Australia, in 2011-12, almost a third of adults (aged 19 years and over) reported consuming an alcoholic beverage (32%) on the day prior to interview.
- Western Australians had the highest proportion of adults consuming an alcoholic beverage (39%) while Victoria and Tasmania had the lowest (30%)
- Northern Territorians had the highest proportion consuming beer (21%) and ACT had the lowest (11%).
- Canberrans had the highest proportion of people drinking wine (22%) while the Northern Territory had the lowest (13%).
- In 2011-12, the average daily consumption of calcium for women aged 19 years and over was 745mg. In every State and Territory, calcium intake was below the estimated average requirement (EAR), with the exception of Tasmania (where the average intake of 810mg was similar to the EAR). (The EAR for females aged 19-50 years is 840mg and 1100mg for females aged 51 years and over). For more information, see Table 1.1 for each State and Territory.
- Males in all States and Territories had an average salt intake that exceeded the adult upper level of intake of 2,300mg (for all Australian males average salt intake was 2,721mg).
- In 2011-12, 17% of Australians aged two years or over reported avoiding a food due to allergy or intolerance.
- Around 7% of Australians avoided particular foods for cultural, religious or ethical reasons.
- Canberrans had the highest proportion of people avoiding a food due to allergy or intolerance (21%).
- Queensland had the lowest proportion avoiding particular foods for cultural, religious or ethical reasons (4%).
For more information see Table 6.1 for each State and Territory.
Nationally, 4.0% of people lived in a household that, in the previous 12 months, had run out of food and could not afford to buy more, and 1.5% of all Australians were in a household where someone went without food when they couldn't afford to buy any more. Rates were similar for all States and Territories. For more information see Table 7.1 for each State and Territory.
See Further information
for definitions and more detailed explanations relating to this analysis.
1. The proportion of persons meeting the recommended intakes for fruit and vegetables were sourced from the Australian Health Survey 2011-13 (2011-12 Core component).