4906.0 - Personal Safety, Australia, 2016  
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FEELINGS OF GENERAL SAFETY

The 2016 Personal Safety Survey (PSS) collected information about men’s and women’s feelings of general safety, in the 12 months prior to the survey for the following situations:
  • waiting for and using public transport alone after dark
  • walking in their local area alone after dark
  • being home alone after dark.

For more information about the general feelings of safety information, refer to the General Safety page in the Personal Safety Survey, Australia: User Guide, 2016 (cat. no. 4906.0.55.003).

WAITING FOR AND USING PUBLIC TRANSPORT ALONE AFTER DARK Endnote 1

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 39.

Nationally, the proportion of men and women who waited for and used public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months has increased over the past decade:
  • In 2016, 41% of men waited for and used public transport alone after dark, compared to 34% in 2005.
  • For women, 27% reported waiting for and using public transport alone after dark in 2016, compared to approximately 22% in 2005.

Waiting for Public Transport

The following section relates to all persons who waited for public transport alone after dark. Refer to Table 40.

In 2016, men were more likely than women to feel safe waiting for public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months.

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of men and women who felt safe waiting for public transport alone after dark increased:
  • for men, this increased from 79% in 2005 to 87% in 2016, and
  • for women, this increased from 55% in 2005 to 68% in 2016.

Graph Image for PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER WHO WAITED FOR TRANSPORT(a), Felt safe(b) by sex, States and territories(c), 2005 to 2016

Footnote(s): (a) Waited for public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries. (b) Felt safe waiting for public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. (c) The PSS was not designed to produce prevalence data at the state and territory level for men, some data was able to be produced for the larger population states.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Using Public Transport

The following section relates to all persons who used public transport alone after dark. Refer to Table 40.

In 2016, men were more likely than women to feel safe using public transport alone after dark in the last 12 months.

Between 2005 and 2016, the proportion of men and women who felt safe using public transport alone after dark has increased:
  • for men this increased from 84% in 2005 to 91% in 2016, and
  • for women this increased from 68% in 2005 to 77% in 2016.

Graph Image for PERSONS AGED 18 YEARS AND OVER WHO USED PUBLIC TRANSPORT(a)(b), Felt safe(c) by sex, 2005 to 2016

Footnote(s): (a) Used public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey. (b) Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries. (c) Felt safe using public transport alone after dark in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Source(s): Personal Safety Survey, 2016



Reason for not using public transport

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 39.

The proportion of people who did not use public transport after dark due to feeling unsafe has decreased over the last decade:
  • for men, this has decreased from 4.5% in 2005 to 2.8% in 2016, and
  • for women, this has decreased from 19% in 2005 to 14% in 2016.


WALKING IN THE LOCAL AREA ALONE AFTER DARK Endnote 2

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 39.

Persons who walked alone after dark

Between 2005 and 2016, men were more likely to walk in their local area alone after dark than women (68% of men and 39% of women in both 2005 and 2016).

Persons who walked alone after dark and felt unsafe

In 2016, an estimated one in thirteen women (7.7%) felt unsafe walking in their local area alone after dark in the last 12 months, compared to one in twenty men (5.1%).

The proportion of persons who felt unsafe walking in their local area alone after dark in the last 12 months decreased between 2005 and 2016 for both men (from 6.9% to 5.1%) and women (from 9.6% to 7.7%).

Persons who did not walk alone after dark because felt unsafe

In 2016, an estimated one in four women (26%) did not walk in their local area alone after dark in the last 12 months because they felt unsafe compared to one in twenty-four men (4.2%).

The proportion of women who did not walk in their local area alone after dark because they felt unsafe has decreased from 31% in 2005 to 26% in 2016. The proportion of men who did not walk alone after dark because they felt unsafe has remained stable during this same period (5.2% in 2005 compared to 4.2% in 2016).



HOME ALONE AFTER DARK

The following section relates to all persons. Refer to Table 39.

In 2016, women were more likely to feel unsafe while at home alone after dark in the last 12 months compared to men (9.9% and 2.8% respectively).

The proportion of persons who felt unsafe while at home alone after dark in the last 12 months decreased between 2005 and 2016 for both men (from 3.8% to 2.8%) and women (from 13% to 9.9%).


ENDNOTES

Endnote 1

Public transport includes buses, trains, trams, taxis, and ferries.

Endnote 2

Local area is defined as the neighbourhood or suburb close to home.